The fundamentals of Agile software devevlopment

The fundamentals of Agile software devevlopment

Agile is a common buzzword used these days in the world of software development. At times it feels like nothing moves without the term ‘Agile’ in software development. Many companies and working teams have adopted the Agile methodology of software development. However, it is easy to get lost in a world of jargon and terms and forget the essence of Agile methodology. In this blog post, we will provide you with a precise understanding of Agile methodology. Our focus will be on the core fundamentals of Agile, so let’s get started.

What is Agile?

Agile is a philosophy or a set of guiding principles for developing software. Agile has four core values and twelve principles. These core values and principles shape and guide the way in which any Agile project is executed in software development. These values & principles were published in the Agile Manifesto in 2001.

The four core values of Agile

  1. Individuals and Interactions over Processes and Tools: Agile prioritizes people and their interactions. It emphasizes the importance of effective communication and collaboration among team members.
  2. Working Software over Comprehensive Documentation: While documentation is necessary, Agile values working software as the primary measure of progress. The focus is on delivering functional and valuable software to customers.
  3. Customer Collaboration over Contract Negotiation: Agile encourages customer involvement throughout the development process. It’s about working closely with customers to understand and fulfil their needs, even if those needs change.
  4. Responding to Change over Following a Plan: In Agile, change is seen as an opportunity, not a hindrance. Teams should be able to adapt to changing requirements and circumstances, providing continuous value to the customer.

The Twelve Principles of Agile

Prioritize Customer Satisfaction Through Continuous Delivery: Deliver working software frequently, with a preference for shorter timescales.

Welcome Changing Requirements, Even Late in Development: Agile embraces change to provide the customer with a competitive advantage.

Frequent Delivery of Working Software: Break your project into small, manageable increments, and deliver a working product at the end of each iteration.

Collaboration Between Business and Developers: Close, daily cooperation between business stakeholders and developers is crucial for project success.

Build Projects Around Motivated Individuals: Trust and empower your team members, allowing them to make decisions and take ownership of their work.

Use Face-to-Face Communication: While not always possible, in-person communication is the most efficient way to convey information within a development team.

Working Software as the Primary Measure of Progress: Tangible results should guide progress assessment, not just plans or documents.

Maintain a Sustainable Development Pace: Avoid overloading your team with work. Sustainable, steady progress is more effective than unsustainable sprints.

Strive for Technical Excellence and Good Design: Technical debt can hinder progress. Focus on maintaining high code quality and design standards.

Keep Things Simple and Focus on What’s Necessary: Eliminate unnecessary work and features to avoid scope creep and maintain efficiency.

Self-Organizing Teams: Trust your team to make decisions collectively, as they are the closest to the work being done.

Regular Reflection and Adjustment: At the end of each iteration, reflect on what went well and what needs improvement, then adjust accordingly.

To summarize the principles, At its core, Agile is all about flexibility, collaboration, and customer-centricity.

Agile Methodologies

While Agile principles can be applied universally, there are various Agile methodologies, such as Scrum, Kanban, and Extreme Programming (XP), each with its own specific practices and rituals. These methodologies offer concrete frameworks for implementing Agile values and principles.


[1] Agile Manifesto –

[2] Agile Alliance

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