Logical reasoning is fundamental part of any interview. It is an inseparable part of aptitude. This always need a logical understanding. At any situation in the alphabet list, ‘G’ never come before ‘F’. This is a logic in alphabets. Likewise, everything in the world has some logic. The next step of many things can be analyzed with this logic. For example, if I served food to my plate, the next step is to eat that. When I unlock a door, as per the logic I am trying to open the door. So, the relation between unlocking the door and opening the door is considered to be the logic. And this analyzing ability is justified as logical reasoning. Many companies want to examine you in this regard
Is this like a Puzzle?
Yes. This is such an interesting thing. Unlike quantitative aptitude and verbal reasoning, this just needs your attention and presence of mind. This will never disappoint you. Like a game, this will make you move further and further.
What is the example for Logical Reasoning?
For example, let’s have a series of numbers – 5, 10, 13, 20, 25. In this series, can you spot the mistake? It is very simple. Right? This series follows the multiples of 5. So, in place of 13, there should be 15. So easy. Let’s have another try. Note the following list – Orange, Apple, Pineapple, Pomegranate, Green, Cloud, Banana. In the given list, which are not supposed to continue in the list? In an abstract view, we can find that the list is based on fruits. In this, Green and cloud are not fruits. So, the words that are not in logic are Green and cloud. So, they need to be removed from the list. Interesting, nah?
What are the topics included?
Concepts covered under this are:
- Alphanumeric Series
- Blood Relations
- Venn diagrams
- Seating arrangement
- Odd one out
- Coding and Decoding
Read more: What are the Topics in Logical Reasoning?
What is the use of Logical Reasoning?
Apart from its usage in clearing aptitude exams, it has an intensive part in your daily life. Starting from traffic signal to finding the great crime, this plays a major role in your life. This led you to come up with most efficient and innovative ideas. This will improve your personality to a greater extent. When you become a police officer, you can identify the thief very easily. Because that thief would definitely miss some logic on his way. There you get into the logic and end up in the solution of the situation. It helps you to take important decisions on a rational manner.
What are the types of logical reasoning?
There are four basic types of logical reasoning. They are:
Deductive inference – This is inferred by referring to a general law or principle
Inductive inference – Characterized by general laws from a particular instance
Abductive inference – Diagnosis based on some results
Metaphoric inference – Figurative inference
Ready to go!
Analyzing a scenario and coming to a conclusion in a rational way is more important in any situation irrespective of your career. Ready to go!